The CMP Mission
To Promote Firearm Safety and Marksmanship Training With an Emphasis on Youth
That Every Youth in America Has the Opportunity to Participate in Firearm Safety and Marksmanship Programs
Welcome to the CMP
The Civilian Marksmanship Program (CMP) is
a national organization dedicated to training and educating U. S. citizens in
responsible uses of firearms and airguns through gun safety training,
marksmanship training and competitions. The CMP is a federally chartered 501 (c)
(3) corporation that places its highest priority on serving youth through gun
safety and marksmanship activities that encourage personal growth and build life
skills. Links on this page will lead you to more detailed information about the
CMP and its programs.
STATUTORY MISSION. The federal law
enacted in 1996 (Title 36 U. S. Code, 0701-40733) that created the
Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety, Inc.
(CPRPFS, the formal legal name of the CMP) mandates these key “functions
for the corporation:
(1) To instruct citizens of the United States in marksmanship;
(2) To promote practice and safety in the use of firearms;
(3) To conduct competitions in the use of firearms and to award trophies,
prizes, badges, and other insignia to competitors.
The law specifically states: In carrying out the Civilian Marksmanship
Program, the corporation shall give priority to activities that benefit firearms
safety, training, and competition for youth and that reach as many youth
participants as possible.
CMP MISSION AND VISION. The mission
and vision statements adopted by the CMP Board of Directors derive from its
statutory mission and reflect the organization’s commitment to gun safety,
marksmanship skill and youth.
The mission of the Civilian Marksmanship Program is to promote
firearms safety and marksmanship training for U.S. citizens with an emphasis on
The vision of the Civilian Marksmanship Program is that every youth in America
has the opportunity to participate in firearms safety and marksmanship programs.
HISTORY OF THE CMP. CMP history goes
back to late 19th century efforts by U.S. military and political leaders to
strengthen our country’s national defense capabilities by improving the rifle
marksmanship skills of members of the Armed Forces. The CMP traces its direct
lineage to 1903 when Congress and President Theodore Roosevelt established the
National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice (NBPRP) and the
National Matches. From then until 1996, first the Department of War and
later the Department of the Army managed the program that became known as the
“civilian marksmanship program. During this period, program objectives shifted
from military marksmanship to training civilians who might serve in the military
to developing youth through marksmanship training. In 1996, Congress acted again
to establish the Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearm
Safety that now governs the CMP.
Download On The Mark, the CMP
magazine for youth and youth leaders.
CMP GUN SAFETY PROGRAMS. The CMP is
a national leader in promoting gun safety. The CMP believes that gun safety
training is the foremost means of ensuring the safe and responsible use of
firearms and airguns. Every CMP program has a safety component that includes
safety doctrine, safety training and safety controls.
GUN SAFETY FLAGS. Participants
in all youth and adult CMP training and competition activities are required
to use safety flags in their rifles or pistols before and after firing to
confirm the safe condition of the guns being used.
SAFETY TRAINING CLASSES. All CMP
training courses include classes on gun safety and safe range procedures.
JROTC MARKSMANSHIP PROGRAMS. The
CMP developed the safety training curriculum now used by the Army, Marine Corps,
Navy and Air Force JROTC rifle marksmanship programs and trained 3,500 JROTC
instructors to teach this course to JROTC cadets since 2005.
GUN CLUB INSTRUCTIONAL CLINICS. The
CMP developed the safety training curriculum used by its 5,000 CMP-affiliated
gun clubs and has trained more than 600 master instructors to teach marksmanship
clinics with CMP safety training.
COMPETITION RULES. The CMP is the
national governing body for several shooting sports disciplines. Safety is a
principal concern in the rules and procedures that govern every CMP competition.
RIFLE PURCHASERS. Purchasers of CMP
government surplus rifles are required to show proof of participation in a
marksmanship related activity or otherwise show familiarity with the safe
handling of firearms and range procedures.
GUN SAFETY LOCKS. The CMP makes gun
safety locks available with every firearm it sells through its government
surplus rifle sales program.
PROGRAMS. The CMP is a national leader in providing instructional
materials, training leaders and organizing competition events that enable youth
to participate in safe marksmanship activities. CMP youth marksmanship programs
JROTC MARKSMANSHIP. The CMP
cooperates with the Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Air Force JROTC Commands to
provide the marksmanship training and competition programs that are used by
2,500 JROTC units throughout the nation.
NATIONAL THREE-POSITION AIR RIFLE
COUNCIL. The CMP partners with The American Legion, BSA-Venturing, National
4-H Shooting Sports, the U. S. Army Marksmanship Unit, USA Shooting (national
governing body for Olympic shooting) and the Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Air
Force JROTC Commands to govern almost all sanctioned youth air rifle
competitions in the U. S.
LOCAL YOUTH MARKSMANSHIP PROGRAMS.
85 percent of the CMP’s 5,200 affiliated gun clubs and local youth organizations
offer gun safety and youth marksmanship instruction that utilize CMP training
materials and supplies to youth in their communities.
JUNIOR RIFLE CAMPS. The CMP
provides a summer-long series of youth shooting sports camps to give advanced
training to 500 youth and their adult leaders.
CAMP RIFLERY. The CMP is a national
leader in providing instructional material specifically designed for youth BB
gun, air rifle and smallbore rifle marksmanship in summer camp settings.
RIFLES AND AMMUNITION. The CMP
subsidizes the sale of rifles suitable for instructing beginning shooters so
that camps, 4-H clubs and junior rifle clubs can acquire affordable equipment
for their programs.
SUPPORT FOR THE ARMED FORCES AND U.S. GOVERNMENT. Prior to 1996, the
Army’s Office of the Director of Civilian Marksmanship received an annual
federal appropriation, but since its establishment as a federally chartered 501
(c) (3) corporation in 1996, the CMP has received no government appropriations.
The CMP retains a reporting relationship to the Department of the Army and
submits an Annual Report to the Secretary of the Army. The CMP
reimburses the U.S. Government for all costs it incurs in transferring
government surplus rifles and other property that are sold through the CMP Sales
program. The CMP not only now receives no taxpayer support, but it actually
expends over one million dollars per year in providing funding, staffing and
additional resources to support U. S. Army and other Armed Services marksmanship
programs. The new CMP is providing financial support to the U.S. Government.
Government programs supported by the CMP include:
Rosters of Distinguished Marksmen from 1884 until today and
historical data about this prestigious program are available at
Army SDM Instructor Training.
The CMP provides funding and equipment that enable 90 expert, civilian
volunteers to augment U. S. Army Marksmanship Unit instructors. These
Army-CMP teams now train 500 Army NCOs a year as Squad Designated Marksmen
JROTC Marksmanship Training. The
CMP provides curriculum design and materials and JROTC instructor training for
the Army, Marine Corps, Navy and Air Force JROTC programs at no cost to the
JROTC Commands. The CMP has trained over 3,500 JROTC instructors through this
JROTC Marksmanship Competition. The
CMP administers the JROTC air rifle competition programs with events at the
local, service and national levels, again at no cost to the JROTC Commands.
8,000 JROTC cadets now participate in these annual competitions.
ROTC Scholarships. The CMP awards
100 $1000 college scholarships a year to qualified ROTC students.
Ceremonial Rifle Repair. The CMP
provides staff coordination, repair parts and volunteer armorer services to
repair ceremonial rifles used by veterans organizations.
Camp Perry Infrastructure. The CMP
has provided over three million dollars in funding to upgrade facilities and
infrastructure at Camp Perry, Ohio, the Ohio National Guard installation where
CMP program activities are headquartered.
SALES. The federal law that established the CMP authorizes it to sell
surplus military .22 rimfire and .30 cal. rifles and ammunition to qualified U.
S. citizens who are members of gun clubs affiliated with the CMP. All purchasers
must provide proof of having received gun safety or marksmanship training and
pass an FBI NICS check. The principal rifles sold through this program have been
WWII era M1 Garand rifles and WWI era M1903 rifles. The law mandates that
proceeds from these sales may be used only to support the Civilian
Marksmanship Program. Each year since its establishment in 1996, the CMP
has produced an excess of revenues over expenses to fund its firearm safety,
marksmanship training and competition programs and an endowment that will
support future programs.
NATIONAL MATCHES. The law that
created the CMP calls for an annual competition called the National Matches
and consisting of rifle and pistol matches…shall be held.
Matches were first held in 1903, moved to Camp Perry, Ohio, in 1907 and continue
to take place every summer at Camp Perry. The National Matches have become a
huge, national shooting sports festival with well over 6,000 annual
participants. School students and competition event shooters range from
beginners to many of the world’s best. The National Matches include Small Arms
Firing Schools that are mandated by law and a series of CMP National Trophy
Rifle and Pistol Matches as well as several National Rifle Association national
championships that are held in connection with the National Matches.
The CMP fulfills its responsibility to conduct the National Matches by working
with a partnership that includes the Ohio National Guard and the NRA.
COMPETITION GOVERNANCE. In addition
to being a lead organization in the annual conduct of the National Matches, the
CMP is the national governing body for several shooting sport disciplines that
include Service Rifle and Pistol, As-Issued Military Rifle, Rimfire Sporter and
National Match Air Rifle. The CMP provides competition rules and sanctioning
services for events in each of these disciplines. It now sanctions over one
thousand local and regional competitions a year in these disciplines. The CMP
pioneered in developing its Competition Tracker system that applies computer and
Internet technology to manage its database of competitors and manage
competitions. Competition Tracker was the first such system in the world to
support the live posting of competition results on the Internet. The CMP is also
the custodian of the Distinguished Badge program that was initiated by the U. S.
Army in 1884. Since Distinguished Badges are awards inaugurated by the U. S.
Government, they are especially prestigious and coveted.
MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING CENTERS. In order to provide a base of
operations for its youth and adult training and competition programs, the CMP
recently established marksmanship training centers at both its program
headquarters at Camp Perry, Ohio and at its sales headquarters at Anniston,
Alabama. Both facilities feature 80 firing point air gun ranges with
state-of-the-art electronic targets and display systems. These facilities are
regarded as the finest Olympic-class air gun ranges in the Western Hemisphere.
GOVERNANCE AND LEADERSHIP. The CMP is governed by a Board of
Directors made up of eleven members who have extensive experience and leadership
credentials in military and business. The President of the Board serves as the
Chief Executive Officer. The Director of Civilian Marksmanship manages
day-to-day operation of CMP training and competition programs at CMP North
headquarters at Camp Perry, Ohio. The Chief Operating Officer directs CMP sales
programs at CMP South headquarters in Anniston, Alabama.